here are some photo tips, faciles à comprendre, qui couvrent tout, de la technique de l’appareil photo pour débutant à la créativité et à la composition. Si vous apprenez la photo, cette liste offre quelques conseils qui peut vous être utile en cours de route.
Conseil photo 1: Utilisez l’appareil photo que vous possédez déjà
L’équipement de la caméra n’est pas si important que cela, c’est le premier conseil photo.
There are countless cameras, lenses and other accessories on the market today. It is true that some are better than others (or better suited for a given job).
But once you've tested enough, the real takeaway is that pretty much everything is great today. The differences are almost always minor, especially at a given price.
Then, use the camera that you already have and don't look back. In almost every way, today's entry-level DSLRs are better than high-end video SLRs. Still, these photographers managed to capture some beautiful, iconic photos that still look great today.
Your creative skills and knowledge of device settings are much more important. Focus your efforts on these, not on collecting materials.
Conseil photo 2: Travaillez votre composition
To take attractive photos, you have to be involved in what you are doing. Don't just fly on autopilot. Instead, think about your composition and try to make your photos look as good as possible. this is the second advice.
It starts with knowing the basics of composing good photos. Don't cut off important parts of your subject with the edge of your frame. Keep your horizons level and try to eliminate all distractions by adjusting your composition.
Voyez si elle a un sens de l’équilibre et de la simplicité. Et si elle ne semble pas bonne lors de votre premier essai, continuez à expérimenter jusqu’à ce que vous ayez raison.
Conseil photo 3: Apprenez quels paramètres sont importants
There are many device settings out there and it takes a bit of practice to get them right, especially as a beginner. Same advanced photographers will not always do everything perfectly.
Mais cela vaut la peine d’apprendre comment régler correctement votre appareil et quels paramètres de l’appareil sont les plus importants, afin que vous ayez les meilleures chances de prendre les clichés que vous voulez. C’est le troisième conseil.
First, try to practice with camera modes other than “Auto”. You won't learn anything if your camera makes all the decisions for you. It can be confusing at first, but hopefully our articles on opening, shutter speed and ISO will give you a head start.
These are the three most important parameters in all photography.
Along with aperture, shutter speed, and ISO, learn how to focus properly by practicing the different autofocus modes. You will probably prefer single-servo autofocus (also called One-Shot AF) for stationary subjects and continuous autofocus (also called AI Servo) for moving subjects.
Do not use manual focus unless it is so dark that autofocus does not work.
Finally, take some RAW shots if you want to edit your shots or think there is a chance you will edit them in the future. The JPEGs look fine out of the camera, but the files have much less leeway for post-processing. (If you're not sure, take RAW + JPEG photos and save the RAWs for later just in case.) Check out RAW vs JPEG for more.
Conseil 4: Ne surexposez pas les hautes lumières
When choosing settings for your device, it's essential to avoid overexposing highlights. The reason? It is simply not possible to retrieve the details of the white areas of a snapshot.
It is quite easy to keep your highlights intact. But this is where shutter speed, aperture and ISO are so important. These are the only camera settings that directly affect the brightness of a shot (ignoring the flash settings, of course). Even exposure compensation - an important parameter in itself - simply tells your device to change one or more of those three variables.
When taking snapshots, look at the camera screen to see if there is overexposure. If so, the first thing to do is reduce your ISO to its base value (usually ISO 100). If it's already there, use a faster shutter speed. This will fix the problem. As for the aperture, make sure it's not set to an insane value (f / 32, f / 45, etc.) and you'll be fine.
Conseil photo 5: Faites attention à la lumière
Light is probably the most important part of photography. If you take a shot with good light, you've taken a big step forward to get a good shot. But what counts as good light? It's not just about sunsets.
Often the goal here is to balance the intensity of the light between your subject and the background. Even if you are photographing an incredible sunset, the shot might be marred by a completely dark and silhouetted foreground.
Le moyen le plus simple de résoudre ce problème est de faire attention à la direction et à la douceur de la lumière. Si la lumière est trop forte, vous pourriez avoir de mauvaises ombres sur votre sujet, ce qui est particulièrement un problème pour portrait photography.
If the light is coming from an unflattering angle, see what you can do to move the light source (in a studio) or move the subject (outside) - or wait for the light to be better (landscape photography). ).
De plus, si vous prenez des clichés avec un ordinateur de poche, assurez-vous que la lumière est suffisante . Sinon, utilisez un flash ou déplacez-vous là où il fait le plus clair. Le moyen le plus simple d’obtenir des clichés fades et décolorés est de prendre des photos dans des environnements sans suffisamment de lumière.
Conseil photo 6: Prenez son temps
It's easy to make mistakes in photography if you're not careful. The best way around this problem is to slow down and take your time whenever possible, especially when you are starting to learn.
First, check your device settings. If you shoot portraits outdoors on a sunny day, but use last night's settings to photograph the Milky Way, something is seriously wrong. Slow down and take the time to get it right.
Then keep the same mindset for all the other big decisions. Is your composition as good as it gets? Did you autofocus in the right place? Did you do everything to improve the lighting conditions?
And don't listen to people who tell you to avoid revisiting the clichés in the field. Of course, it's a bad idea to revisit shots when something extraordinary is happening in front of you, but you'll almost always have downtime between takes. Determine issues with a field image - no feedback on your computer.
Conseil photo 7: Bougez !
It's easy to get stuck in one place while taking snaps. Don't fall for this trap. Instead, move your feet (or tripod) as much as possible. Climb on top of things, change your camera height, move forward and backward, do whatever you need to do, but keep moving forward.
If you take ten shots from the same height, in the same direction, without moving your feet or tripod at all, guess what? They won't be much different. If your entire portfolio is taken from the same height and without any experimentation, you are missing out on some great shots.
Moving is the only way to change the sizes and relative positions of objects in your snapshot. Don't like your subject to be too big and the landscape in the background too small?
Take a step back and zoom in. Want to fix a rock that's distracting you? Move around until it's out of your composition or too small to be a nuisance.
Conseil photo 8: Apprenez à utiliser un trépied
Tripods are one of the greatest inventions in photography. They practically eliminate one of the thorniest problems: lack of light. With tripods, you can take exposures of several minutes and capture details so dark they are invisible to the human eye.
Even in a brighter scene, tripods improve the stability of your composition and help you take sharper shots.
So when to use a tripod? If your subject is stationary, almost always. This means that landscape, architectural and still life photographers better have a good excuse if they aren't using a tripod.
Event photography and action are a bit different as it is true that a tripod can slow you down. The same goes for travel photography; as much as you want to take a tripod, it might not be worth it.
That's fair, but know that you are missing out on something when you leave your tripod at home. If you gave me the choice between an entry-level DSLR and a tripod versus the best camera / lens combo on the market without one, I would go for the tripod kit every time.
Conseil photo 9: Sachez quand utiliser un flash
Flashes aren't just for dark environments.
Don't get me wrong, they're great if you need more light. Get an external flash, tilt it to the ceiling, and use a relatively long lens (50mm or longer). Everyone you know will be amazed at the quality of your event shots. It's the easiest way to get great results without really knowing what you're doing.
But flashes are also useful outdoors, even in the middle of the day. If you've heard of “fill flash” before, that's why it's so important. You can fill in the ugly shadows on your subject just by using a soft flash - and most people looking at the photograph won't even be able to tell.
It's silly, but I like to tell people that their camera's built-in flash is more useful on a bright, sunny day than in the dark. This advice is equally true here.
Conseil photo 10: Nettoyez !
J’ai vu trop de gens se promener avec l’élément avant de l’objectif de leur appareil photo sale, poussiéreux et taché. C’est le moyen le plus simple d’obtenir des clichés flous 100% du temps.
Of course, a little dust won't hurt; it won't even be visible in an image. There are small dust particles inside each lens, which are impossible to clean without disassembling the lens - and they have no impact on a shot.
Instead, I'm talking about lenses that have never been cleaned, with dirt and fingerprints that haven't been removed in ages. Do yourself a favor and get yourself a microfiber cloth and lens cleaning solution. Take them on a trip and use them at least once a week.
Conseil photo 11: N’utilisez pas de filtre bon marché
Le deuxième moyen le plus simple d’obtenir des clichés flous à 100% est d’utiliser un filtre bon marché à l’avant de votre objectif.
Personally, when I started out, my grandfather gave me an old clear filter from his film camera. It fits my purpose perfectly; I was so surprised to keep it on my lens all the time, never caring if the glass was up to today's standards or not.
Turns out it wasn't. The corners of all my shots were blurry, and any slightly bright area in the photograph (like the sky or a lamp at night) turned into a bad light.
Conseil photo 12: Recadrez à partir d’une photo floue
Personally, I never use a clear protective filter on my lens again, except in environments where I also need goggles.
Conseil photo 13: Apprenez le post-traitement de base
Post-processing isn't very high on the typical photographer's priority list, but it probably should be. Sometimes, with the right post-processing, a great photograph can turn into something truly exceptional.
It's easy to overdo it when doing post-processing, so the most important thing is to make sure that none of your changes are permanent (AKA "destructive editing"). Use the Save As command to keep your original files, or better yet, edit them in software that stores your changes in a separate file rather than embed them in the image.
Le post-traitement consiste à donner une ambiance et à guider l’œil de votre spectateur dans une image. Vous irez de mieux en mieux avec le temps. Ma meilleure recommandation? Soyez subtile. Vous ne voulez pas que vos clichés paraissent trop traités.
Conseil photo 14: Sauvegardez vos photos
Almost every photographer I know has lost important photos at least once in their life. Don't let this happen to you.
To get started, keep a backup of each of your snapshots. They should never be stored on one hard drive at a time, as your hard drive will eventually break. It is not a question of if, but when.
Ideally, you would have at least three copies of all of your photographs at one time. This should include at least two different types of media, such as an internal hard drive and removable storage media. And at least one of the backups must be stored offsite. This is known as the 3-2-1 rule. This is the best way to avoid losing any of your photographs.
Personally, my photos are my most important possessions and I don't want to lose them no matter what. My hard drive is backed up online in real time, and I also have several external hard drives with full backups. It's overkill, but that's the point.
Conseil photo 15: Organisez-vous
Whether you are an organized or a messy person, it is very important that your shots are easy to find. It's not just about speeding up your workflow; if you don't remember how you organized your hard drive, you might end up deleting a folder with important pictures without realizing it.
My method is to simply create a new folder of images for each year and then divide each year by month (labeled "January 01", "February 02", etc., in alphabetical order). Then, in my post-processing software, I sort and organize the shots separately into different collections. This way I can find images from a particular location or intended for a particular project.
But this is only one of the many possible methods. Some photographers prefer to organize their shots by year and then divide each year by specific events rather than by month. The exact method does not matter; use what you are comfortable with. But make sure you get into good habits early on, otherwise you will eventually run into a lot of problems.
Conseil photo 16: Essayez quelque chose de nouveau
The more you experience photography, the more interesting it becomes. It's easy to fall into a routine and take similar shots over and over again, and there's nothing wrong with that, but it's also important to try something new every now and then.
Give a macro photograph or experiment with new lighting techniques. Switch to a different post-processing style. Be spontaneous and drive to a place you've never shot before. There are so many ways to try something new, and you won't regret it if you do.
Usually, you'll discover something - a new technique or personal preference - that you can downgrade to your regular shot for good results. This is also good advice to keep in mind!
Conseil photo 17: Rencontrez d’autres photographes
Meeting other photographers is one of the best ways to keep learning and improving, whether for inspiration or to get advice.
You would be surprised how much people enjoy sharing their tips and techniques with other photographers. You will rarely encounter secrecy or disdain; even the great Ansel Adams wrote several books explaining his photographic techniques.
If you're the type of person who prefers learning self-guided photography, this still applies. Ask questions in online forums, send emails to photographers whose work you admire, and otherwise save resources you find valuable. Either way, don't stop learning. There is always more to learn.
Conseil photo 18: Corrigez vos points faibles
If you're still trying to figure out shutter speed, aperture, and ISO, it can be tempting to switch back to automatic mode rather than practicing what you don't understand. This is a huge mistake!
If you're trying to learn portraiture, but have a hard time getting your flash light to look good, it can be tempting to take all of your interior shots next to a window for a nice light. This is also a huge mistake!
If you're trying to learn post-processing, but your software is confusing, it might be tempting to take all of your shots in JPEG format to get something good out of the device. But - you guessed it - this is another huge mistake!
Don't go around your weak spots. Fix them. The best way to improve your photographs is to analyze what you don't yet understand, and then spend the time you need to learn it. This is especially true for beginners, who naturally have the most to learn, but even experts would do well to follow these tips.
Conseil photo 19: Regardez vos anciennes photos
I've noticed that a lot of photographers tend to take shots, pick the best ones from one shoot, and then rarely or never go back to the others. But there are plenty of reasons your old, unused snapshots are some of the most valuable in your wallet.
First, they help you correct your weak spots. Just ask yourself, on average, why are your bad shots bad? Maybe you tend to focus incorrectly, expose too dark or too bright, compose awkwardly, etc. All of this is very useful information as it helps you to improve the problem next time.
On top of that, you might find an old photograph that really sings - but you didn't notice it the first time around. It happens to me from time to time, and I feel like I'm minting gold.
Conseil photo 20: Amusez-vous!
Photography is supposed to be fun. Even professionals have chosen this career, almost without exception, because they love photography. Don't let that spark go out.
Part of this is trying something new, as mentioned earlier - and continuing to learn new skills. But it's also about not taking photography too seriously, or getting caught up in the equipment to the detriment of the photography itself.
I see a lot of people online engaging in heated debates over their choice of brand of device, or what good / bad / wise review they see of someone else on the internet. We do not care ? All of this contributes to exactly what you are trying to avoid: making photography another boredom in your life, not a source of happiness or joy.
Instead, think about why you like to take pictures. It is significant; it's a way to see amazing sites and meet brilliant, creative people. No surprise, the best I know are always the ones who have the most fun.
Practice and experiment!
Convenient, practical, practical. This is a tip that will take you forward in any skill, not just photography. This is the best advice!
Cameras are complicated. The same goes for post-processing software, as does (perhaps mostly) the creative side of photography.
The more you experiment and the more shots you take, the better your shots will be. It is not only a question of quality, it is also a question of quantity. You will find that trips and subsequent sessions almost always have more winners than your first attempts.
This doesn't mean that your first photographs will always be bad. The famous quote from Henri Cartier-Bresson, “Your first 10,000 shots are your worst,” is a bit dramatic. But I have to admit that there is some truth. You can take great shots when you are just starting out, but it takes a little luck and you will keep improving as you take more shots.
In short, the more time you spend there, the easier it will be to take the shots you have in mind. That's the end goal in all of this - translating the image in your head and the emotions you're feeling into a snapshot that makes other people go through the same thing.
Eric CANTO Photographe : concerts, portraits, pochettes d’albums.