Red Hot Chili Peppers are an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1983. Their music incorporates elements of alternative rock, funk, punk rock and psychedelic rock.
The group is made up of vocalist Anthony Kiedis, bassist Flea, drummer Chad Smith and guitarist John Frusciante.
With more than 80 million records sold worldwide, Red Hot Chili Peppers is one of the best-selling bands of all time.
They are the most successful band in alternative rock history, with records for most number one singles, most weeks cumulative at number one (85) and most of the top ten songs on the Billboard Alternative Songs chart. .
They have won six Grammy Awards and in 2012 were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
The Red Hot Chili Peppers were formed in Los Angeles by Kiedis, Flea, guitarist Hillel Slovak and drummer Jack Irons.
Due to commitments to other groups, Slovak and Irons did not perform on the group's self-titled debut album in 1984; instead, the album featured Jack Sherman on guitar and Cliff Martinez on drums.
However, the Slovak joined soon after its release and performed on the albums Freaky Styley (1985) and The Uplift Mofo Party Plan (1987), the latter having seen a reunion of the original lineup.
Slovak died of a drug overdose on June 25, 1988; Irons, devastated, left the Red hot chili peppers.
With new recruits Frusciante and Smith, Red Hot Chili Peppers recorded Mother's Milk (1989) and their first major commercial success, Blood Sugar Sex Magik (1991).
Frusciante was uncomfortable with their newfound popularity and abruptly left on the Blood Sugar Sex Magik tour in 1992. His replacement, Dave Navarro, played on the Red Hot Chili Peppers' sixth album, One Hot Minute (1995).
Although commercially successful, the album failed to match the critical or popular acclaim of Blood Sugar Sex Magik.
In 1998, after Navarro's dismissal, Frusciante returned to the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Their seventh album, Californication (1999), became their biggest commercial success, with 16 million copies sold worldwide.
Their subsequent albums, By the Way (2002) and Stadium Arcadium (2006), were also successful; Stadium Arcadium was the band's first album to reach number one on the Billboard 200 chart.
After the Stadium Arcadium tour, the Red Hot Chili Peppers took a long break. Frusciante left again in 2009 to focus on her solo career;
he was replaced by Josh Klinghoffer, who appeared on the albums I'm with You (2011) and The Getaway (2016), before Frusciante joined in 2019.
1983-1984: First story of the Red hot chili peppers
The Red Hot Chili Peppers were formed in Los Angeles by singer Anthony Kiedis, guitarist Hillel Slovakia, bassist Flea and drummer Jack Irons, classmates at Fairfax High School.
Their first names included Tony Flow and the Miraculously Majestic Masters of Mayhem and their first performance was at the Rhythm Lounge club to a crowd of around 30, opening for Gary and the Neighbor Voices.
Inspired by punk funk acts like Contortions and Defunkt, they improvised music while Kiedis was punching.
At the time, Slovak and Irons were already engaged in another group, What Is This? ; however, the group was invited to return the following week.
The band changed their name to Red Hot Chili Peppers, performing several shows in venues in LA. Six songs from those early concerts were featured on the band's first demo tape.
In November 1983, director Lindy Goetz signed a seven-album deal with EMI America and Enigma Records.
Two weeks earlier, however, What Is This? had also secured a recording deal with MCA, and in December, Slovak and Irons left the Red Hot Chili Peppers to focus on What Is This ?. Flea and Keidis recruited Weirdos drummer Cliff Martinez and guitarist Jack Sherman.
Red Hot Chili Peppers released their debut album, The Red Hot Chili Peppers, in August 1984. Airplay on college radio and MTV helped build a fan base, and the album sold 300,000 copies.
Gang of Four guitarist Andy Gill, who produced the album, pushed the band to play with a cleaner, more radio-compatible sound, and the band were disappointed with the result, finding it too polite.
The album included backing vocals by Gwen Dickey, the lead singer for 1970s disco funk band Rose Royce. The group embarked on a grueling tour, giving 60 concerts in 64 days.
During the tour, the lingering musical and lifestyle tensions between Kiedis and Sherman complicated the transition between the concert and the band's day-to-day life. Sherman was fired in February 1985. Hillel Slovak, who had just left What Is This ?, returned in early 1985.
1985-1988: Building a sequel, addiction and Slovak death
George Clinton produced the second album, Freaky Styley (1985). Clinton combined various elements of punk and funk in the repertoire of the Red hot chili peppers, allowing their music to incorporate a variety of distinct styles.
The album featured Maceo Parker and Fred Wesley. The group often engaged in heavy heroin use while recording the album, which influenced the lyrics and musical direction of the album.
Red hot chili peppers had a much better relationship with Clinton than with Gill, but Freaky Styley, released on August 16, 1985, also had little success, not making an impression on any graphics.
The following tour was also deemed unproductive by the group.
Despite the lack of success, the band was satisfied with Freaky Styley; Kiedis said that "it was so beyond anything we thought we could do that we thought we were on the way to enormity."
Around this time, the band appeared in the 1986 Thrashin 'films, playing the song "Blackeyed Blonde" by Freaky Styley and Tough Guys, performing "Set It Straight".
In early 1986, EMI gave 5,000 $ to the Red hot chili peppers to record a demo tape for their upcoming album. They chose to work with producer Keith Levene of PIL because he shared their interest in drugs.
Levene and the Slovak set aside 2,000 $ of the budget to spend on heroin and cocaine, which created tension among the gang members.
Martinez's "heart was no longer in the band," but he didn't leave, so Kiedis and Flea fired him in April 1986.
Irons joined Red hot chili peppers to their surprise; it was the first time that the four founding members had been together since 1983.
During Freaky Styley's recording and following tour, Kiedis and Slovakia struggled with debilitating heroin addictions.
Due to his addiction, Kiedis "did not have the same motivation or desire to come up with ideas or words" and appeared at rehearsal "literally asleep".
For their third album, the Chili Peppers attempted to hire Rick Rubin to produce, but he declined due to the group's growing drug problems.
They eventually hired Michael Beinhorn from the art funk Material project, their last choice. Initial attempts at registration were halted due to Kiedis' worsening drug problems and Kiedis was briefly fired.
After the band was named LA Weekly 'Band of the Year', Kiedis entered rehab.
The band auditioned for new singers, but the now sober Kiedis joined the recording sessions with new enthusiasm.
The songs formed quickly, mixing the funk feel and beats like Freaky Styley with a harsher, more immediate approach to punk rock.
The album was recorded in the basement of the Capitol Records Building. The registration process was difficult; Kiedis frequently disappeared to search for drugs.
After fifty days of sobriety, Kiedis decided to take drugs again to celebrate his new music.
The Red Hot Chili Peppers' third album, The Uplift Mofo Party Plan, was released in September 1987. It peaked at No. 148 on the Billboard 200, a significant improvement over their previous albums. During this time, however, Kiedis and Slovak both developed severe drug addictions, often disappearing for days.
The Slovak died of a heroin overdose on June 25, 1988, shortly after the end of the Uplift tour.
Kiedis fled the city and did not attend Slovakian's funeral. Irons, troubled by death, decided to leave the gang; after years of depression, he joined Seattle's grunge band, Pearl Jam in 1994.
1988-1989: Frusciante and Smith join the Red hot chili peppers
DeWayne "Blackbyrd" McKnight, a former Member of Parliament-Funkadelic, has joined as guitarist, and Dead Kennedys' DH Peligro has replaced Irons. Kiedis returned to rehab for 30 days and visited Slovakian's grave as part of his rehabilitation, finally facing his grief.
Three dates in the tour, McKnight was fired, having lacked chemistry with the group. McKnight was so miserable that he threatened to burn Kiedis' house down.
Peligro introduced Kiedis and Flea to teenage guitarist and Red hot chili peppers fan John Frusciante, who brought a darker, more melodic rock style to the band.
Frusciante performed her first show with the Red Hot Chili Peppers in September 1988. The new lineup began writing for the next album and went on a short tour, the Turd Town Tour.
In November, Kiedis and Flea fired Peligro because of his drug and alcohol problems.  After open auditions, they hired drummer Chad Smith in December 1988, who has remained ever since.
The Red hot chili peppers began work on their fourth album in 1989.
Unlike the stop-start sessions for The Uplift Mofo Party Plan, the preproduction went well. However, the sessions were made strained by Beinhorn's desire to create a hit, frustrating Frusciante and Kiedis.
Released on August 16, 1989, Mother's Milk peaked at number 52 on the US Billboard 200.
The record failed to trace in the UK and Europe, but climbed to number 33 in Australia.
"Knock Me Down" reached number six on modern American rock tracks, while "Higher Ground" traced at number eleven and reached number 54 in the UK and 45 in Australia and France.
Mother's Milk was certified gold in March 1990 and was the first Red hot chili peppers album to ship over 500,000 units.
1990-1993: Breakthrough, international fame and the first departure of Frusciante
In 1990, following the success of Mother's Milk, the Red hot chili peppers left EMI and entered a major label bidding war.
They signed with Warner Bros. Records and hired producer Rick Rubin. Rubin had turned down the group in 1987 because of their drug problems, but now felt healthier and more focused.
He would go on to produce five more of their albums. The writing process was more productive than it had been for Mother's Milk, with Kiedis saying, "[every day] there was new music to lyricate".
At Rubin's suggestion, they recorded in The Mansion, a studio in a house where magician Harry Houdini once lived.
In September 1991, Blood Sugar Sex Magik was released. "Give It Away" was the first single; it became one of the band's best-known songs, and in 1992 won a Grammy Award for "Best Hard Rock Performance with Vocals".
It became the group's first number one single on the Modern Rock charts.
The ballad "Under the Bridge" was released as a second single and went on to reach No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, the highest the group had reached on that chart as of 2016.
The album has sold over 12 million copies. Blood Sugar Sex Magik was listed at number 310 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time and in 1992 it rose to No.3 on the US album charts, almost a year after its exit.
The album was accompanied by a documentary, Funky Monks.
The group kicked off their Blood Sugar Sex Magik tour, which featured Nirvana, Pearl Jam and Smashing Pumpkins, three of the era's biggest upcoming bands in alternative music, as opening acts.
Frusciante was troubled by the fame and began to fall out with Kiedis. He isolated himself from the group and developed a secret heroin addiction.
In an appearance on Saturday Night Live, he performed off key; Kiedis believed he wanted to sabotage the performance Frusciante abruptly left the group after a performance in Tokyo in May 1992.
He returned to Los Angeles and spent years living in poverty, struggling with his addiction.
The band contacted guitarist Dave Navarro, who had just split from Jane's Addiction, but Navarro was embroiled in his own drug issues.
After failed auditions with Los Angeles band's Zander Schloss, Arik Marshall, Marshall Law was hired and the Red Hot Chili Peppers made headlines at the Lollapalooza Festival in 1992.
Marshall has also appeared in the music videos for "Breaking the Girl" and "If You Have to Ask", as well as the Simpsons episode "Krusty Gets Kancelled".
In September 1992, the Red Hot Chili Peppers performed "Give It Away" at the MTV Video Music Awards. They were nominated for seven awards, three of which included Viewer's Choice.
In February 1993, they performed "Give It Away" at the Grammy Awards, and the song won the group their first Grammy later that night.
The Red Hot Chili Peppers fired Marshall because he was too busy to attend rehearsals. They held auditions for new guitarists, including Buckethead, who Flea felt was not good for the band.
Los Angeles-based guitarist Jesse Tobias of the Los Angeles-based band Mother Tongue was briefly hired, but fired due to poor chemistry.
However, Navarro said he was now ready to join the gang.
In August 1993, the non-album single "Soul to Squeeze" was released and featured on the soundtrack of the film Coneheads. The song topped the US Modern Rock Billboard chart.
1994-1997: The transition
Navarro first appeared with the band at Woodstock '94, performing early versions of new songs.
This was followed by a brief tour, including headlining appearances at the Pukkelpop and Reading festivals as well as two opening act performances of The Rolling Stones.
The relationship between Navarro and the gang began to deteriorate; Navarro admitted that he didn't care about the funk music or the jamming.
Kiedis had relapsed into heroin addiction following a dental procedure in which an addictive sedative, Valium, was used, although the group only found out later.
Without Frusciante, the songs were written at a much slower pace. Kiedis said, “John had been a real anomaly when it came to writing songs…
I just thought to myself that's how all guitarists are, that you show them your lyrics and sing a little bit and the next thing you know was a song.
It didn't happen right away with Dave.  With Kiedis often absent from the recording due to his drug problems, Flea took a bigger role in the writing process and sang lead on his song, "Pea".
One Hot Minute was released in September 1995 after several delays. It deviated from the band's previous sound, with Navarro's guitar work incorporating heavy metal riffs and psychedelic rock.
The band described the album as a darker and sadder record.
Kiedis' lyrics touched on drugs, including the lead single, "Warped," and broken relationships and the deaths of loved ones, including "Tearjerker," writes about Kurt Cobain.
Despite mixed reviews, the album sold eight million copies worldwide and produced Red hot chili peppers' third number one single, “My Friends”. Heroes of the Working Class: A Tribute to John Lennon and Beavis and Butt-Head Do America.
Red hot chili peppers began touring for One Hot Minute in Europe in 1995; the US tour was postponed after Smith broke his wrist.
In 1997, several shows were canceled following the deterioration of the group's relations, injuries and drug use by Navarro and Kiedis.
They performed their only show of the year at the inaugural Fuji Rock Festival, in Japan. In April 1998, the group announced that Navarro had left due to creative differences; Kiedis said the decision was "mutual".
Reports at the time, however, indicated that Navarro's departure came after he attended gang practice while under the influence of drugs.
1998-2001: Return of Frusciante and Californication
Red hot chili peppers regained commercial success after guitarist John Frusciante (pictured in 2006) joined them in 1998. He has since left and joined the band again.
Without a guitarist, the Red Hot Chili Peppers were on the verge of going their separate ways. In the years following Frusciante's departure, his heroin addiction had left him in poverty and on the verge of death.
Flea convinced Frusciante to admit himself to the drug rehab center at Las Encinas in January 1998.
His addiction left him with scars on his arms, a restructured nose and dental implants from an oral infection.
In April 1998, Flea visited the recovered Frusciante and asked him to join the gang; Frusciante began to sob and said that nothing would make him happier.
In June 1999, after more than a year of production, the Red Hot Chili Peppers released Californication, their seventh studio album.
It has sold over 16 million copies and remains their most successful album. Californication contained fewer rap songs than its predecessors, instead incorporating textured and melodic guitar riffs, vocals and basslines.
He produced three number one modern rock hits, "Scar Tissue", "Otherside" and "Californication". Californication received reviews louder than a hot minute and was a bigger hit around the world.
While many critics attributed the success of the album to Frusciante's return, they also felt that Kiedis' voice had improved as well.
It was later listed at number 399 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.
Californication was supported by a two-year world tour, producing the first Red hot chili peppers concert DVD, Off the Map (2001).
In July 1999, the Red hot chili peppers performed the closing show at Woodstock 1999. During filming, a small fire escalated into violence and vandalism, resulting in the intervention of riot squads.
ATMs and several semi-trailers were looted and destroyed. Red hot chili peppers have been blamed in the media for instigating riots after performing a cover of Hendrix's song "Fire".
In his memoir, Keidis writes: “It was clear that this situation had nothing to do with Woodstock anymore. It was not a symbol of peace and love, but of greed and cash. "
2001-2004: the album "By the Way"
The Red Hot Chili Peppers began writing their next album in early 2001, immediately after the Californication tour.
Frusciante and Kiedis would collaborate for days at a time, chatting and sharing guitar progressions and lyrics. For Kiedis, “writing By the Way… was a whole different experience from Californication.
John was back to himself and overflowing with confidence. The recording was difficult for Flea, who felt her role was diminishing and struggled with Frusciante over the musical direction.
Flea considered quitting the Red hot chili peppers after the album, but the two resolved their issues.
By the Way was released in July 2002 and produced four singles; "By the way", "The Zephyr Song", "Can't Stop" and "Universally Speaking".
The album was the most low-key to date, focusing on melodic ballads rather than rap and funk, with layered textures, more keyboards, and string arrangements.
The album was followed by an eighteen-month world tour, a concert DVD, Live at Slane Castle and the band's live debut album, Red Hot Chili Peppers Live in Hyde Park.
Over 258,000 fans paid over 17,100,000 $ for three-night tickets, a record in 2004; the event ranked # 1 on Billboard's 2004 Best Concert Scores.
In November 2003, the Chili Peppers released their album Greatest Hits, which featured new songs "Fortune Faded" and "Save the Population".
2005-2007: Stadium Arcadium
In 2006, the Red hot chili peppers released their ninth album, Stadium Arcadium.
Although they initially planned to release a trilogy of albums, they chose to release a 28-track double album.
It was their first album to debut at number one on the US charts, where it stayed for two weeks, and debuted at number one in the UK and 25 other countries.
Stadium Arcadium has sold over seven million units. It has won five Grammys: Best Rock Album, Best Rock Song ("Dani California"), Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal ("Dani California ”), Best Package in Box or Special Limited Edition and Best Producer (Rick Rubin).
The first single, "Dani California", was the Red hot chili peppers' best-selling single, debuting atop the Modern Rock charts in the United States, reaching number six on the Billboard Hot 100 and reaching number 2 in the United States. -United.
The next-released Tell Me Baby also topped the charts in 2006. “Snow (Hey Oh)” was released in late 2006, breaking several records in 2007.
The song became their eleventh number one single, giving the Red hot chili peppers a cumulative. total of 81 weeks at number one.
It was also the first time that three consecutive singles of Red hot chili peppers ranked number one.
“Desecration Smile” was released internationally in February 2007 and reached No. 27 on the UK charts. "" Was slated to be the next single for the US, Canada, and Australia only, but due to the positive feedback from the music video, it was released as a worldwide single in May 2007.
The Stadium Arcadium World Tour began in 2006, with several festival dates. Josh Klinghoffer, Frusciante's friend and frequent musical collaborator, joined the group on tour, contributing on guitar, backing vocals and keyboards.
The group was the musical guest on Saturday Night Live, which aired in May 2006 with star host Tom Hanks.
2008-2009: Klinghoffer replaces Frusciante
After the last stop of the Stadium Arcadium tour, the Red hot chili peppers took an extended hiatus. Kiedis attributed this to the Red hot chili peppers exhausted by years of uninterrupted work since Californication (1999).
Their only recording during this period was in 2008 with George Clinton on his album George Clinton and His Gangsters of Love; Accompanied by Kim Manning, they recorded a new version of the Shirley and Lee classic "Let the Good Times Roll".
Kiedis, who had recently become a father, planned to spend time looking after his son and developing a TV series based on his autobiography, Spider and Son.
Flea began taking music theory classes at the University of Southern California and revealed plans to release a mostly instrumental solo record; guest musicians included Patti Smith and a choir from the Silverlake Conservatory.
Frusciante released his album The Empyrean. Smith worked with Sammy Hagar, Joe Satriani, and Michael Anthony in the Chickenfoot supergroup, as well as his solo project, Chad Smith's Bombastic Meatbats.
Flea and Red hot chili peppers touring percussionist Mauro Refosco joined Thom Yorke in the Atoms for Peace supergroup.
In July 2009, Frusciante left the Red hot chili peppers, although no announcement was made until December 2009. Frusciante explained on her Myspace page that there was no discomfort about her leaving this month. times, and wanted to concentrate on his solo work.
In October 2009, the Red hot chili peppers walked into the studio to begin writing their tenth studio album, with Klinghoffer replacing Frusciante.
2010-2014: I'm with you
In January 2010, the Red hot chili peppers, with Klinghoffer on guitar, made their live return in January 2010, paying homage to Neil Young with a cover of “A Man Needs a Maid” on MusiCares.
In February, after months of speculation, Klinghoffer was confirmed as a replacement for Frusciante.
Red hot chili peppers started recording their tenth studio album with producer Rick Rubin in September, and finished in March 2011. They decided not to release another double album, narrowing the album down to 14 tracks.
I'm with You, the tenth album by Red Hot Chili Peppers, was released in the United States in August 2011.
It topped the charts in 18 countries and received mostly positive reviews.
"The Adventures of Rain Dance Maggie", became Red hot chili peppers' 12th number one single. "Rose Monarchy", "Look Around" and "Did I Let You Know" (released only in Brazil) and "Brendan" "were also released as singles.
In July 2011, the Red Hot Chili Peppers performed three invite-only warm-up shows in California, their first since 2007.
They started a month-long promotional tour in August 2011, starting in Asia. The I'm With You world tour ran from September 2011 to 2013.
The North American leg, which was scheduled to start in January 2012, was postponed to March due to surgery Kiedis required for foot injuries he sustained during the Stadium Arcadium tour.
After the I'm with You world tour, the band embarked on another small tour, including their first concerts in Alaska, Paraguay, the Philippines and Puerto Rico. The touring recordings were released in 2012 on the free 2011 EP live.
TV Europe Music Awards for Best Rock Band and Best Live Artist  and nominated for Best Group at the 2012 People's Choice Awards I'm with You was also nominated for a 2012 Grammy Award for Best Rock Album. In April 2012, Peppers were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
May saw the release of the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Covers EP for download only, featuring studio and live covers from artists who had influenced the group.
From August 2012, the band began releasing a series of singles like I'm with You Sessions, which were compiled on the I'm Beside You record in November 2013 as a Record Store Day exclusive.
In February 2014, the Red hot chili peppers joined Bruno Mars as halftime performers for Super Bowl XLVIII, watched by a record 115.3 million viewers.
The performance met with mixed reviews for its use of backing music; Flea responded that it was an NFL rule for bands to pre-record music due to time and technical issues, and that they had accepted because it was a once in a lifetime opportunity.
He said Kiedis' vocals were completely live and the band recorded "Give it Away" during rehearsals.
The band began another tour in May 2013, which ended in June 2014. 2012-13 Live EP was released in July 2014 via their website as a free download.
2015-2018: The Getaway
The Red hot chili peppers released Fandemonium in November 2014, a book dedicated to their fans.
This December, they started work on their eleventh album, their first producer-less Rick Rubin since 1989; instead, it was produced by Danger Mouse.
Flea suffered a broken arm during a ski trip that delayed check-in for several months.
Red hot chili peppers announced in May that "Dark Necessities", the first single from their upcoming album, would be released on May 5th.
On the same day, it was announced that the band's eleventh album would be titled The Getaway and would be released in June. Kiedis said a lot of the songs were influenced by a two-year relationship that fell apart.
“Dark Necessities” became the Red hot chili peppers 25th top ten single on the Billboard Alternative Songs chart, a record they hold on U2.
In February 2016, “Circle of the Noose,” an unreleased song recorded with Navarro in 1998, was released.
In May, Red hot chili peppers released “The Getaway,” the title track from their upcoming album.
The music video for “Dark Necessities,” directed by actress Olivia Wilde, was released in June 2016. The Getaway debuted at No. 2 on the Billboard 200 chart, behind Drake, who had the number one album for eight consecutive weeks.
The Getaway topped Drake in its opening week with album sales of 108,000-33,000 (actually placing him at # 4 in sales for the week) although due to album streaming Drake managed to dominate. the group for the first place in the charts.
In July 2016, the Live In Paris EP was released exclusively on the Deezer music streaming website. “Go Robot” was announced as the second single from The Getaway.
That same month, band members began posting footage of the entire music video. The Getaway was re-released on a limited edition pink vinyl in September, as part of 10 Bands 1 Cause.
All the money from the sale of the reissue went to Gilda's Club NYC, an organization that provides community support to people diagnosed with cancer and their caregivers. It is named after the actress Gilda Radner.
Red hot chili peppers began the headlining part of The Getaway World Tour in September with the North American side, with Jack Irons, the band's original drummer, opening for all dates starting in January 2017. .
Dave Rat, the sound engineer for the Red Hot Chili Peppers since 1991, announced that following the group's January 22, 2017 show, he would no longer work with the group.
The Getaway World Tour ended in October 2017. The tour included 151 shows lasting one year and nearly five months.
In December, Red hot chili peppers titled the Band Together Benefit Concert 2 at the Bill Graham Civic Auditorium in San Francisco.
Money raised through the concert went to the Tipping Point Emergency Relief Fund which, between 2005 and 2017, raised $ 150 million to educate, employ, house and support those in need in the Bay Area. .
The recording of Red hot chili peppers' upcoming album has been delayed due to the Woolsey Fire; they performed a charity show for fire victims on January 13, 2019.
Klinghoffer released their debut solo album, To Be One With You, on November 22, 2019, with Flea and former Chili Peppers drummer Jack Irons.
On November 2, 2019, Chilies performed at a charity event at the Silverlake Conservatory of Music in Los Angeles; it was their last concert with Klinghoffer.
On December 15, 2019, the Red hot chili peppers released a statement via Instagram that after 10 years they had parted ways with Klinghoffer and that Frusciante had joined Red hot chili peppers. They wrote that Klinghoffer was "a beautiful musician whom we respect and love".
In an interview on the WTF podcast with Marc Maron, Klinghoffer said there was no animosity: “It's absolutely John's place to be in this band… I'm glad he's back with it. them. "
In January 2020, Smith confirmed that the Red hot chili peppers were working on a new album with Frusciante.
On February 8, Frusciante performed with the group for the first time in 13 years, at a memorial service held by the Tony Hawk Foundation for late film producer Andrew Burkle, son of billionaire Ronald Burkle.
The group's first full shows with Frusciante were scheduled for festivals in May, but were canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
On August 20, former Red hot chili peppers guitarist Jack Sherman died, aged 64; the group issued a statement thanking him for "always good, bad and in between".
In September, Smith said the Red Hot Chili Peppers were in talks with Rubin to produce their next album.
The legacy of the Red hot chili peppers
The Red Hot Chili Peppers' blend of hard rock, funk and hip hop has influenced genres such as funk metal, rap metal, rap rock and nu metal.
In a 2002 interview with Penthouse, Kiedis said “We were early in creating the combination of hardcore funk with hip-hop style vocals” and suggested that they had influenced Limp Bizkit, Kid Rock and Linkin Park.
In an interview with Jason Tanamor, Smith said, “Certainly Anthony's singing style and voice lends itself to being unique, and no one sounds like him.
What's cool is that we can play any style of music, whether it's hard and fast or loud. or calm, slow or medium, whatever; rock or funk, and it still sounds like us. . ""
Red Hot Chili Peppers was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in April 2012.
The enthronement consisted of Kiedis, Flea, Smith, Klinghoffer, Frusciante, Slovak (represented by his brother James), Irons and Martinez; Frusciante was invited, but did not attend.
In 2012, Blood Sugar Sex Magik, Californication, and By the Way were ranked among Rolling Stone's 500 Best All-Time Albums with 310, 399, and 304, respectively.
Red hot chili peppers activism
In 1990, the Red hot chili peppers appeared in PSA ads for Rock the Vote, a nonprofit organization in the United States aimed at increasing voter turnout in the United States Presidential election among voters aged 18. at 24 years old.
Red hot chili peppers were invited by the Beastie Boys and the Milarepa Fund to perform at the Tibetan Freedom Concert in June 1996 in San Francisco. They also performed at the June 1998 concert in Washington, DC.
The concerts, held all over the world, were to support the cause of Tibet's independence. In September 2005, the group performed "Under the Bridge" for the benefit of ReAct Now: Music & Relief which was held to raise funds for the victims of Hurricane Katrina.
The live event raised $ 30 million.
In July 2007, Red Hot Chili Peppers performed on behalf of former US Vice President Al Gore who invited the band to perform at the London version of his Live Earth concerts which took place to raise awareness of global warming and resolve the most critical environmental issues of our time.
Red Hot Chili Peppers performed a free concert in downtown Cleveland, Ohio in April 2012 to support President Obama's re-election campaign.
The condition for entering the gig was to agree to volunteer for the 2012 Obama Telephone Bank. The event quickly ran out of capacity after being announced.
In May 2013, Red hot chili peppers performed a special concert in Portland, Oregon for the Dalai Lama as part of the Dalai Lama Environmental Summit.
In January 2015, they performed their first show of the New Year for the Sean Penn & Friends Help Haiti Home fundraiser in favor of the J / P Haitian Relief Organization.
Red hot chili peppers were among more than 120 artists and celebrities to register and announce that they would vote for Bernie Sanders in the 2016 presidential election in September.
The band performed at a fundraising event at the Belly Up Tavern in Solana Beach the same month.
All the money was donated to A Reason To Survive (ARTS), Heartbeat Music Academy, San Diego Young Artists Music Academy and the Silverlake Conservatory of Music.
In October, Kiedis and Flea hosted the annual benefit for the Silverlake Conservatory of Music. The group performed a special rare acoustic ensemble.
In February 2016, Red hot chili peppers made headlines at a fundraising concert to support presidential candidate Bernie Sanders.
In April, the group performed at a private function on behalf of Facebook and Napster founder Sean Parker for their launch of the Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy.
Chad Smith and Will Ferrell hosted the Comedy Red Hot Benefit + Music Show & Quinceanera the same month.
The benefit included a performance by the Red hot chili peppers as well as selected comedy acts by Ferrell and Funny or Die.
A portion of the proceeds went to Ferrell's Cancer for College and Smith's Silverlake Music Conservatory.
In February 2018, Smith joined Ferrell again at his One Classy Night performance at the Moore Theater in Seattle to help raise funds for Cancer for College. The event raised 300,000 $ in college scholarships for students who are cancer survivors.
Style of music
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Red hot chili peppers' influences include Parliament-Funkadelic, Defunkt, Jimi Hendrix, les Misfits, Black Sabbath, Metallica, James Brown, Gang of Four, Bob Marley, Big Boys, Bad Brains, Sly and the Family Stone,
Queen, Stevie Wonder, Elvis Presley, Deep Purple, the Beach Boys, Black Flag, Ornette Coleman, Led Zeppelin, Oui, Fugazi, Fishbone, Marvin Gaye, Billie Holiday, Santana, Elvis Costello, the Stooges,  the Clash, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Devo and Miles Davis.
Kiedis provided several vocal styles. His main approach until Blood Sugar Sex Magik was spoken verse and rap, which he supplemented with traditional vocals.
This helped the band maintain a cohesive style, as the band matured, notably with Californication (1999), they reduced the number of verses struck.
By the Way (2002) contained only two songs with a rap verse and a melodic chorus.
Kiedis' newer style has been developed through continuous coaching.
The style of the Slovak-born guitarist was heavily based on blues and funk.
Slovak was primarily influenced by hard-rock artists such as Hendrix, Kiss, and Led Zeppelin, while his method of playing was based on improvisation common in funk.
He was noted for an aggressive style of play; he often played with such force that his fingers "parted." Kiedis observed that his playing evolved during his time away from the band in What Is This ?,
When the Slovak adopted a more fluid style with "sensual" elements compared to his earlier hard-rock techniques.
On the party front Uplift Mofo (1987), the Slovak has experimented with genres outside of traditional funk music, most notably reggae and speed metal.
His guitar riffs were often used as the basis for the band's songs, with the other members writing their parts to complement his guitar work.
Their melodic riff featured in the song “Behind the Sun” inspired the band to create “pretty” songs with an emphasis on melody. Kiedis describes the song as "pure Hillel inspiration".
Slovak also used a dialogue box on songs such as “Green Heaven” and “Funky Crime,” in which he sang into a hit while playing to create psychedelic effects.
Frusciante's musical style evolved over the course of her career. His guitar playing uses melody and emotion rather than virtuosity. [clarification needed
Although virtuoso influences can be heard throughout his career, he said he often downplays this. Frusciante brought a melodic and textured sound, notably on Californication, By the Way and Stadium Arcadium (2006).
This contrasts with her previous abrasive approach in Mother's Milk, as well as her dry, funky, and more submissive arrangements on Blood Sugar Sex Magik.
On Californication and About, Frusciante derived the tonal texture creation technique through chord patterns by post-punk guitarist Vini Reilly of The Durutti Column and bands such as Fugazi and The Cure.
On By The Way, he wanted people to be able to sing the lead guitar part, influenced by John McGeoch of Siouxsie and the Banshees, Johnny Marr of the Smiths and Bernard Sumner of the Joy Division.
He first wanted this album to be made up of "those punky, raw songs", taking inspiration from early punk artists such as The Germs and The Damned.
However, this was discouraged by producer Rick Rubin, and instead he built on Californication's melodically driven style.
During the recording of Stadium Arcadium (2006), he moved away from his new wave influences and focused on emulating flashier guitar players such as Hendrix and Van Halen.
Navarro brought his own sound to the band during his tenure, with his style based on heavy metal, progressive rock and psychedelia.
Klinghoffer's style used a wide range of guitar effects and unconventional vocal treatments.
In his debut album Red hot chili peppers, I'm with You (2011), he focused heavily on producing a textured and emotional sound to complement the vocals and atmosphere of each song. He said he was a fan of jazz and funk.
Flea's style of bass guitar can be seen as a mix of funk, psychedelic, punk and hard rock. The groove-heavy melodies, played by finger-picking or slaps, contributed to their signature style.
While Flea's slap bass style was predominant in previous albums, albums after Blood Sugar Sex Magik have more melodic and funk basslines.
He also used double stops on some more recent songs. Flea's bass playing has changed dramatically over the years.
When he joined Fear, his technique was largely centered around traditional punk-rock basslines.
However, he changed this style when the Red Hot Chili Peppers were formed. He began to incorporate a style of "slap" bass that largely influenced Bootsy Collins.
Blood Sugar Sex Magik saw a noticeable change in style as it didn't feature any of his signature technique but focused more on traditional and melodic roots.
His intellectual beliefs as a musician also changed: "I was trying to just play Blood Sugar Sex Magik because I had played too much before that, so I was like, 'I really need to relax and play half the amount of time. notes ”.
When you play less, it's more exciting - there's more room for everything.
If I'm playing something busy it stands out, instead of the bass being a constant assault of notes. Space is good. "
Drummer Smith mixes rock and funk, mixing metal and jazz to his rhythms. Influences include Buddy Rich and John Bonham.
He brought a different sound to Mother's Milk, playing tight and fast. In Blood Sugar Sex Magik, he displays greater potency. He is known for his phantom notes, beats and quick right foot.
MusicRadar put him in sixth place on their list of the “50 Greatest Drummers of All Time”.
Lyrics and songwriting
Early in the band's career, Kiedis wrote comedy songs filled with sexual innuendo and songs inspired by the friendship and personal experiences of the band members.
However, after the death of his close friend and member of the Slovak group Hillel, Kiedis' lyrics became much more introspective and personal, as evidenced by Mother's Milk song "Knock Me Down", which was dedicated to the Slovak with the song Blood Sugar Sex Magik "My Adorable Man".
When the band recorded One Hot Minute (1995), Kiedis had turned to drugs again, resulting in darker lyrics. He began to write about the angst and thoughts of self-harm that he would experience as a result of his addiction to heroin and cocaine.
The album also featured tributes to close friends the band lost during the recording process, including Kurt Cobain on the song “Tearjerker” and River Phoenix on the song “Transcending”.
After witnessing Frusciante's recovery from her heroin addiction, Kiedis wrote many songs inspired by rebirth and the meaning of life on Californication.
He was also intrigued by the life lessons the group had learned including Kiedis' experience meeting a young mother at the YMCA, who was trying to battle her crack addiction while living with her baby girl.
On By the Way, Kiedis was influenced by love, his girlfriend and the emotions expressed when we fell in love.
Drugs also played an integral part in Kiedis' writings, as he had only been sober since 2000. Songs like "This Is the Place" and "Don't Forget Me" expressed his intense aversion to drugs. and the physical and emotional effects they caused him.
Stade Arcadium (2006) continued the themes of love and romance; Kiedis said that “love and women, pregnancies and marriages, relationship struggles - these are real and deep influences on this album.
And that's great, because it wasn't just me writing about being in love. It was everyone in the group. We were bursting with energy based on falling in love. "I'm with You (2011) again featured Kiedis writing about the loss of a close friend, this time in the song" Brendan's Death Song "
a tribute to club owner Brendan Mullen who gave the group some of their first shows and showed them their support throughout their careers.
Themes in Kiedis' repertoire include love and friendship, adolescent angst, aggression of a good time, various sexual topics and the connection between sex and music ...
Members of the group Red Hot Chili Peppers
- Anthony Kiedis - lead vocals (1983-present), guitars (1992-1998)
- Flea - bass, backing vocals (since 1983), trumpet (since 1988)
- Chad Smith - drums (1988-present)
- John Frusciante - guitars, backing vocals (1988–1992, 1998–2009, 2019 - present), keyboards (1998–2009)
Former members included in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
- Cliff Martinez - drums (1983-1986) Slovak Hillel - guitars, backing vocals (1983, 1985-1988)
- Jack Irons - drums, backing vocals (1983, 1986-1988)
- Josh Klinghoffer - guitars, keyboards, backing vocals (2009–2019)
Red hot chili peppers discography
- 1984 The Red Hot Chili Peppers
- 1985 Freaky Styley
- 1987 The Uplift Mofo Party Plan
- 1989 Mother's Milk
- 1991 Blood Sugar Sex Magik
- 1995 One Hot Minute
- 1999 Californication
- 2002 By the Way
- 2006 Stadium Arcadium
- 2011 I'm with You
- 2016 The Getaway
Red hot chili peppers tours
- Red Hot Chili Peppers Tour 1983 (1983)
- Red Hot Chili Peppers Tour 1984 (1984)
- Freaky Styley Tour (1985-1986)
- The Uplift Mofo Party Tour (1987-1988)
- Turd City Tour (1988)
- Mother's Milk Tour (1989–1990)
- Blood Sugar Sex Magik Tour (1991–1993)
- Tour of the Sensitive (1994)
- One Hot Minute Tour (1995–1997)
- Californication Tour (1999-2000)
- Red Hot Chili Peppers Tour 2001 (2001)
- By the Way World Tour (2002–2003)
- Riding the Red Tour (2004)
- Stadium Arcadium World Tour (2006–2007)
- I'm With You World Tour (2011–2013)
- Red Hot Chili Peppers Tour 2013/2014 (2013-2014)
- The Getaway World Tour (2016-2017)
Eric CANTO Photographer: Concert photos, portraits, album covers.